Table 2

HoNOSCA scales scores.

Effects1

Score distribution2


Mean (SD)

Sex

Age

0

1

2

3

4


1. Aggressive behaviour

1.2

(1.1)

B > G*

33%

26%

24%

16%

1%

2. Overactivity or attention problems

1.9

(1.3)

B > G*

22%

12%

18%

46%

3%

3. Self-injury3,4

0.2

(0.7)

G > B**

O > Y**

88%

5%

4%

4%

0%

4. Drug or alcohol misuse3

0.1

(0.4)

O > Y**

90%

8%

2%

1%

0%

5. Scholastic problems

1.5

(1.3)

B > G*

32%

17%

23%

25%

3%

6. Somatic problems

0.5

(0.9)

71%

11%

14%

2%

1%

7. Abnormal thoughts or perceptions

0.3

(0.7)

86%

7%

5%

3%

0%

8. Psychosomatic symptoms

0.8

(1.0)

54%

24%

12%

9%

1%

9. Emotional symptoms

1.6

(1.1)

G > B**

22%

25%

22%

31%

0%

10. Peer problems

1.5

(1.1)

24%

29%

26%

18%

3%

11. Self-care problems

0.4

(0.8)

Y > O**

73%

14%

10%

3%

1%

12. Family problems

1.5

(1.1)

26%

22%

35%

14%

3%

13. Poor school attendance

0.5

(0.9)

O > Y*

77%

5%

14%

3%

1%

Total Score (sum scale 1-13)

12.0

(4.6)


Mean (SD), effect of sex, age, and score distribution (n = 153) on the HoNOSCA scales.

*P < 0.05 and false discovery rate (FDR) < 0.06, **P < 0.01 and FDR < 0.03, G = Girls, B = Boys, Y = Younger (6-10 years), O = Older (11-17 years).

1 Effects were analysed using the general linear model (GLM) in SPSS, and the significant effects are shown.

2 Scores: 0 = no problem; 1 = minor problem requiring no action; 2 = mild problem but definitely present; 3 = moderately severe problem; 4 = severe to very severe problem.

3 All participants younger than 11 years were rated 0.

4 Interaction Sex × Age is significant for this scale with P < 0.01 and FDR < 0.06

Hanssen-Bauer et al. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health 2010 4:29   doi:10.1186/1753-2000-4-29

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